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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 23 JANUARY 2020 GK Updates

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23rd Jan Current Affairs & Today GK Updates

 

1. EIU’s Global Democracy Index: India slips 10 spots to 51st rank

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has recently released a global democracy index for the year 2019. India has slipped 10 ranks to 51st position in this index.
  • This index provides an overall view of the status of democracy among 167 countries. The global democracy index helps business leaders to empower them to work with confidence and to prepare for more opportunities.
  • Norway tops the list while North Korea is at the bottom with the 167th position.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) releases an annual index of 167 independent countries, which broadly shows the status of democracy in these countries.

Headquarters: London, United Kingdom

 

2. Brazil President Bolsonaro to be chief guest at 71st Republic Day

  • President of Brazil Jair Messias Bolsonaro will arrive in New Delhi on a four-day state visit to India.
  • President Bolsonaro will be the chief guest at the 71st Republic Day Parade at Raj Path in the national capital on January 26.
  • He will be accompanied by a delegation consisting of seven Ministers, Chairman of Brazil-India Friendship Group in the Brazilian Parliament.
  • On 27th of this month, President Bolsonaro will address Indian and Brazilian Business leaders at the India-Brazil Business Forum.

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Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

Capital: Brasilia; Currency: Brazilian real

 

3. Greece elects Katerina Sakellaropoulou as first female President

  • Greece’s parliament elected Katerina Sakellaropoulou as the first woman president on January 22, 2020.
  • Katerina is a senior judge with expertise in environmental and constitutional law. She is scheduled to take the oath of office on March 13, 2020. Until now, she was serving the head of Greece’s top administrative court, the Council of State.
  • The final result of the vote was declared by Greece’s Parliament Chief Costas Tassoulas.
  • Katerina will succeed Prokopis Pavlopoulos, whose 5-year term is scheduled to end in March.

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Capital: Athens; Currency: Euro

 

4. RBI cancels certificate of authorisation of Vodafone m-pesa

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said that it has cancelled the Certificate of Authorisation (CoA) of Vodafone m-pesa on account of voluntary surrender of authorisation.
  • Following the cancellation of the CoA, the company cannot transact the business of issuance and operation of prepaid payment instruments.
  • Last year, Vodafone Idea had decided to close m-pesa vertical following the closure of Aditya Birla Idea Payments Bank Ltd (ABIPBL), with which it was being merged.
  • Vodafone m-pesa was one of the 11 firms that was given payments bank license by the RBI in 2015.

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Vodafone Idea is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G, 3G and 4G VoLTE mobile services under two brands named Vodafone and Idea.

CEO: Ravinder Takkar

 

5. France to train Indian flight surgeons for Gaganyaan mission

  • France will train Indian flight surgeons to enable them to monitor the health of astronauts selected for the ambitious human space mission Gaganyaan.
  • The two-week training is a critical aspect of the Gaganyaan project that is aimed at sending three Indians to space by 2022.
  • The flight surgeons, who will be Indian Air Force doctors specialising in aviation medicines and responsible for the health of astronauts before, during and after flight, will be shortlisted soon.
  • The four shortlisted astronauts, all test pilots from the Indian Air Force, are currently in Russia for an 11-month training programme.

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Director: K. Sivan

Founder: Vikram Sarabhai; Founded on: 15 August 1969

Headquarters: Bengaluru

 

6. Subhash Chandra Bose 123rd Birth Anniversary 2020:

  • India is celebrating the 123rd birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on January 23, 2020.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose is known for the establishment of the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA). Nation pays a tribute to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on this occasion.

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In 1921, Bose met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time and called him Father of the Nation.

He was elected as the President of Congress in 1939 but expelled due to his differences with Congress’s policy.

One of his famous quotes was, ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Azadi Dunga.’

 
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