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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 3rd FEBRUARY 2020 - GK TODAY UPDATES

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 3rd FEBRUARY – GK Updates

 

1. Brexit: Britain formally leaves European Union after 47 years

  • The United Kingdom formally left the European Union, ending 47 years of membership.
  • Britain’s exit was celebrated as an independence day by Brexiteers with many toasting to the moment. The United Kingdom has become the first-ever nation to leave the European Union.
  • Brexit was inevitable after the 2016 Brexit referendum when 51.9 percent votes were cast to leave the EU, while only 48.1 percent votes supported the referendum to stay in the European Union.
  • Britain’s exit from the European Union has, however, just initiated the divorce proceedings between the two, as future terms of trade and exchange will need to be agreed upon.
  • Queen Elizabeth II gave her royal assent to the Brexit bill on January 23, 2020, paving the way for Britain’s smooth exit from the European Union.
  • The UK Parliament ratified the Brexit law on January 22, 2020, finally approving the terms of Britain’s historic departure from the European Union on January 31.
  • After Brexit, the UK will continue to remain under EU trade rules until December 31. After this, the UK and EU will have to sign new trade deals on almost everything, ranging from trade in goods and services to fishing, aviation, medicines and security.

 


2. Govt appoints M Ajit Kumar as chairman of CBIC

  • The Government of India appointed M Ajit Kumar IRS as chairman of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC).
  • The appointment came just two days before the Union Budget 2020 presentation.
  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment.
  • The new Chairman’s immediate responsibilities will include accelerating the Goods and Services Tax (GST) revenues and to deal with the changes introduced in customs duties in the Union Budget for 2020.

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CBIC – Founded: 1 January 1964.

Headquarters: Ministry of Finance, Secretariat Building, Delhi, New Delhi, India.

 

3. Maldives rejoins Commonwealth

  • The Maldives has once again become a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It was officially readmitted to the Commonwealth on Saturday more than three years after the Indian Ocean archipelago nation quit the organisation over criticism of its human rights record, taking the count of the bloc’s membership countries back to 54.
  • President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih made the announcement, fulfilling one of his key presidential pledges.
  • The Maldives first became a member of the Commonwealth in 1982 but former President Abdulla Yameen decided to leave it in October 2016, after being threatened with suspension over its human rights record and lack of progress on democratic reform.
  • The Commonwealth is a political association of 54 member states, nearly all of them former territories of the British Empire. Its members have agreed to shared goals like development, democracy and peace. The last country to join the Commonwealth was Rwanda in 2009.

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Commonwealth Secretary – General Patricia Scotland; Founder: Parliament of the United Kingdom; Founded: 11 December 1931;

Headquarters: London, United Kingdom.

 

4. Australian Open 2020

  • Novak Djokovic, Serbian tennis star, once again established his reign at the Australian Open 2020 winning the men’s singles title.
  • Novak Djokovic won the Australian Open title for record 8th time which is the most number of times by any player in the world. He had earlier won this title in 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 and 2019.
  • He has won this title three times in a row from 2011 to 2013 and it is a record in terms of Open Era. This is the 17th single Grand Slam title of Djokovic’s career.
  • On the other hand, Sofia Kenin defeated GarbineMuguruza to win her first major title. She won this title for the first time in her career.
  • TimeaBabos and Kristina Mladenovic defeated the pair of Hsieh Su Wei and BarboraStrycova to win the Australian Open Women’s Doubles title 2020. Rajeev and Joe won the Grand Slam Men’s doubles title for the first time.
  • The mixed pair of BarboraKrejcikova-Nikola Mektic won the Australian Open Mixed doubles title 2020 by defeating BethanieMattek and Briton Jamie Murray.

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The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.

Founded: 1905; Venue: Melbourne Park.

 

5. India and Maldives sign MoUs to establish Addu Tourism Zone

  • India and Maldives signed five memorandum of understanding (MoUs) to establish the Addu tourism zone on the five islands of Addu Atoll in the Maldives.
  • The Agreements were signed by the High Commissioner of India SunjaySudhir, Addu Council and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulla Shahid.
  • Addu Tourism Zone will increase India’s capacity for infrastructure building and will bring national and international tourists and diplomats that will boost India’s and Maldives’ tourism sector.
  • Indian citizens are second among people coming to the Maldives to visit from all over the world.
  • Apart from this, sixth MoU was signed to establish a water bottling plant in Hoarafushi.

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Maldives – located in the Arabian Sea of the Indian Ocean; Capital: Male; Currency: Maldivian rufiyaa.

Addu is one of the most beautiful sites of Maldives’26 coral atolls.

India and Maldives began bilateral relations soon after the independence of Maldives from British rule in 1965.

 

6. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags to be equipped in Indian Railways

  • Indian Railways has announced that it will equip about 3, 50,000 passenger coaches and freight coaches with radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags for their smart monitoring.
  • Indian Railway is taking this measure to improve the safety and reliability of the rolling stock.
  • Radio-frequency identification or RFID tag uses electromagnetic fields to track and identify various objects.
  • Each RFID tag consists of a small radio transponder, a transmitter, and a radio receiver. An RFID reader decodes the information sent by the RFID tag.
  • It is faster than barcodes as RFID can be read several times while barcodes can be read one at a time.
  • This will reduce network problems, eliminate connectivity problems and the government will be able to exploit resources with more efficiency.

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Founded:16 April 1853; 4thlargest railway network in the world by size.

 
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