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Daily Current Affairs – 8 July 2020 : Today Gk Updates
1. US notifies UN of decision to withdraw from WHO
The US has formally notified the United Nations (UN) of its decision to withdraw from the World Health Organization (WHO).
US alleged that WHO misled the world resulting in deaths of over half a million people globally, including over 1 lakh 30 thousand in America.
In April, the US stopped funding to WHO as the Trump administration reviewed the ties. A month later, President Donald Trump announced the US was terminating the relationship.
The US is the largest funder to the world health, contributing more than 450 million dollars per annum, while China’s contribution to the health body is about one-tenth of that of the US.
– The Union Minister for Power and Renewable Energy RK Singh will also be attending the inauguration of the massive power plant.
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The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
2. Registration for human trials of Indian vaccine for COVID-19 began from July 7
– In response to the directions by ICMR, the maximum number of the institutes have started the subject enrolment process for the first phase of the human trial for the COVID-19 vaccine from July 7.
– Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had earlier written to 12 medical institutes in the country to start the first phase of human clinical trials by registering volunteers.
– The authority has been speeding up the process as Indian vaccines are in the global race to end the pandemic.
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The two Indian vaccine candidates, namely COVAXIN and ZyCov-D will now be tested on 1,125 healthy volunteers in the two phases of the trials.
3. Defence Minister says construction of strategic roads, bridges & tunnels to be expedited
– Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has said that the construction of strategic roads, bridges and tunnels in the border areas will be expedited. The Minister reviewed the ongoing infrastructure projects of BRO at a high-level meeting in New Delhi yesterday.
– During the meeting, the state of forward connectivity to border areas was reviewed and the consistent need of boosting the ongoing projects and to expedite the construction of strategic roads, bridges and tunnels in the border areas was discussed.
– The BRO has worked incessantly even during the restrictions imposed due to COVID-19 without affecting the progress of various projects.
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The Border Roads Organisation develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries.
Headquarters: New Delhi; Director General: Lt. Gen. Harpal Singh
4. 8 lakh Indians may be forced to leave the Gulf country Kuwait
– Amid the covid-19 pandemic and its rising economic repercussions on countries, Kuwait government approved an expat quota bill which limits the number of Indians living in the Gulf nation.
– The National Assembly’s legal and legislative committee has determined that the draft quota bill is constitutional. The bill states that Indians should not exceed 15 per cent of the total population in Kuwait.
– Kuwait has a total population of over 43 lakh people, out of which nearly 30 lakh are expats. Reportedly, there are around 14.5 lakh Indians living in Kuwait. With the approval to the expat bill, some eight lakh Indians may now be forced to leave Kuwait.
5. Haryana Cabinet approves proposal to reserve 75% private-sector jobs via ordinance
– According to a proposed ordinance cleared by the state cabinet, Seventy-five percent of private-sector jobs in Haryana will be reserved for local candidates.
– In the month of June 2020, Haryana had the highest unemployment rate among all states in the country. The unemployment rate in June 2020 was 33.6 percent.
– The ordinance will reserve jobs having a salary of less than Rs 50,000 per month in various privately managed companies, societies, trusts, limited liability partnership firms and partnership firms for local candidates.
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Haryana Capital: Chandigarh; Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar
Governor: Satyadev Narayan Arya
6. Bengal Govt Launches Document-Scanning App ‘SelfScan’
– The chief minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee launched a new app called ‘SelfScan’.
– This new application has been developed by the state’s information technology department and as the name suggests, it is built to scan documents.
– The announcement comes just days after the Indian government banned 59 Chinese applications in the country. These applications also included popular document scanning app CamScanner.
– According to the description, the app is completely free and comes without adds. The user won’t even need to register in order to use this app.