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Daily Current Affairs – 23 July 2020 : Today Gk Updates
1. South Korea launches first-ever military satellite
– South Korea launched its first-ever military communications satellite, ANASIS-II which is aimed at enhancing the nation’s ability to defend itself against nuclear-armed North Korea.
– The South Korean military satellite blasted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida aboard a Falcon 9 rocket.
– The launch of ANASIS-II satellite has made South Korea the 10th country in the world to own a military-only communications satellite.
– The satellite launch will provide a boost to the South Korean military’s independent operational capabilities.
ANASIS-II’s launch marks the 12th launch by SpaceX in the year 2020.
The satellite mission was originally planned to be launched on July 14 but the date got pushed back by SpaceX to allow time for additional preflight rocket checks.
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SOUTH KOREA – Capital: Seoul; Currency: South Korean won; Prime minister: Chung Sye-kyun; President: Moon Jae-in.
2. Govt extends work from home for IT, BPO companies till Dec 31
– The government extended the connectivity norms for work from home for the BPO and IT companies till December 31, 2020, which was going to expire on July 31 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
– Currently, as per the government rules around 85% of the workforce has been working from home. Only those who are required to perform critical functions are going to the offices.
– As per the announcement by the Department of Communication, the government has further extended the relaxations in the terms and conditions.
– Earlier in March 2020, the Department of Telecommunications (DOT) has relaxed certain norms for OSPs till April 30, 2020, to facilitate work from home amid the pandemic. It was further extended till July 31.
3. 7.8 magnitude earthquake hits Alaska peninsula
– A 7.8 magnitude earthquake has hit the coast of Alaska, as per National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
A Tsunami warning was issued earlier but now it has been cancelled.
– The epicenter of the earthquake was 75 miles south of Chignik in Alaska.
– The depth of the tremor was about 8 miles.
– The National Weather Service of Portland tweeted saying that they are closely monitoring the situation. No tsunami warning has been issued yet for Oregon or Washington.
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ALASKA – Country: United States; Capital: Junaeu
4. Consumer Protection Act, 2019 comes into force
– Bringing e-commerce companies under the ambit of a structured consumer redressal mechanism, the government notified the Consumer Protection Act, 2019.
– E-commerce platforms will now have to acknowledge the receipt of any consumer complaint within 48 hours and redress the complaint within a month from the date of receipt. And now, a consumer can institute a complaint from where he resides.
– It will protect the consumer rights through its various notified Rules and provisions and will empower consumers and hence help them in protecting their rights.
– The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 establishes the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) whose primary objective will be to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers.
5. Health Minister appeals to people to wear triple layer masks, not N95 masks
– The Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan has urged all people to use a triple-layer mask made of cloth. He stated that the N95 masks with respirator valves in them do not prevent the coronavirus from spreading out.
– The Health Minister confirmed that the N95 mask fitted with a perforated respirator is contrary to the measures adopted to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
– The Health Ministry had issued an advisory on the use of homemade face covers in April. It had also listed out procedures of making such homemade masks, asking to ensure it fits the face well and there are no gaps on the sides.
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N95 masks are special protective masks that are used to protect the wearer from contaminated, harmful air droplets and liquid which can contaminate your face. It helps you protect yourself from transmission of droplet based virus or bacteria, dust, polluted air, fibre particles, allergy causing pollens.
6. Trials of anti-tank guided missile ‘Dhruvastra’ conducted in Odisha
– The trials of Helicopter-launched Nag Missile anti-tank guided missile ‘Dhruvastra’ were conducted on July 15-16 at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Balasore, Odisha. The missile was earlier named as HELINA.
– The trails were conducted without a helicopter in direct and top attack mode. In July 2019, the DRDO had conducted three successful test firings of the Nag missiles in the Pokhran firing ranges.
– Nag was one of the first five strategic missiles, which was planned to be developed under the Integrated Missile Development Programme initiated in the 1980s. The other missiles developed under the project include Agni, Prithvi and Akash, all of which were successfully developed and inducted into the armed forces.
– The trials come at a time when the disengagement process has begun between the troops of India and China in eastern Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
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ODISHA – Capital: Bhubaneswar; Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik; Governor: Ganeshi Lal