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Daily Current Affairs – 30 July 2020 : Today Gk Updates
1. Govt issues UNLOCK 3.0 guidelines; Schools, Colleges to remain closed till August 31st
- The Ministry of Home Affairs issued new guidelines for Unlock 3.0 on July 29, 2020. Under Unlock 3.0, more activities have been allowed to open in a phased manner in areas outside the containment zones such as gyms and yoga institutes. The schools, bars, theatres and metro rail will however, continue to remain shut.
- The Unlock 3.0 guidelines will come into effect from August 1, 2020. The new guidelines have been issued on the basis of the feedback received from the states and Union Territories and after extensive consultations with the concerned central ministries and depts.
- The Health Ministry will be issuing SOP for the yoga institutes and gyms while ensuring social distancing to contain the COVID-19 virus.
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The lockdown will continue in the containment zones till August 31, 2020. The states/ UTs will be required to carefully demarcate the containment zones in the view of the spread of COVID-19 infection after taking in consideration the guidelines issued by the Health Ministry. Only essential activities and services will be allowed within the containment zones.
2. First five Rafale jets land at Ambala air force station
- The first batch of five Rafale jets landed at Ambala air force station on Wednesday afternoon. It was a historic moment as they greeted with water cannon salute at Ambala Air Force base.
- They were escorted by two Sukhoi MKI supersonic fighters as they entered Indian airspace. After entering Indian Airspace, Indian Rafale contingent was welcomed by establishing radio contact with Indian Navy warship INS Kolkata, deployed in the Western Arabian Sea.
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has said that the touchdown of Rafale combat aircrafts in India marks the beginning of a new era in country’s Military History.
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The five aircraft are part of 36 planes bought by India from France in a Rs. 59,000-crore inter-governmental deal in 2016.
3. HRD Ministry renamed as Ministry of Education, NEP 2020 launched
- The Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) has been renamed as Ministry of Education. The decision was taken during a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- The Union Cabinet has also approved National Education Policy 2020 that comprises major reforms in the higher education sector including a target of 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035 and provision for multiple entry and exits options in degree courses.
- A single regulator for higher education institutions, discontinuation of MPhil programmes, low stakes board exams, common entrance exams for universities are among the highlights of the new National Education Policy.
4. Asian Development Bank approves three million US dollar grant to India
- The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a three million US dollar grant to India from its Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF).
- This grant will further support the government’s emergency response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This support will enhance disease surveillance and help in early detection, contact tracing, and treatment.
- On 28th April, ADB approved a 1.5 billion US dollar COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) Programme to support India in its immediate pandemic response efforts.
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The Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank established to promote social and economic development in Asia.
Headquarters: Manila, Philippines; President: Masatsugu Asakawa
5. Government plans to attract FDI in the infrastructure sector to address a liquidity crunch
- The Road Transport, Highways, and MSME Minister, Nitin Gadkari announced that the central government has been making efforts to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the infrastructure sector in order to address the liquidity crunch as COVID-19-hit economy.
- The Union minister also informed that the talks have also been going on with various insurance funds, pension funds, and financial institutions.
- The government has been taking a policy decision to offer projects only after 90% land acquisition and regulatory clearances like environment and forest.
6. International Tiger day: 29 July
- International Tiger Day is observed on 29 July every year. The Day is celebrated across the globe to create awareness about tiger conservation.
- Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar released All India Tiger Estimation Report-2018.
- India is home to nearly 70 per cent of the global tiger population and leads the world in showing effective conservation of the wild species.
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In 1973 there were only 9 tiger reserves in the country, which has now gone up to 50. The Heads of the governments of Tiger range countries had resolved to double the tiger population by the year 2022.
7. “The India Way: Strategies for an Uncertain World” authored by Dr. S Jaishankar
- The Indian diplomat and current Minister of External Affairs in the Government of India, S Jaishankar, has written a book titled “The India Way: Strategies for an Uncertain World”.
- The book has been published by the HarperCollins India publications and is scheduled to be released on 07 September 2020.
- In this book Mr S Jaishankar analyses the various challenges faced by India on the path to becoming a leading power, and also spells out possible policy responses.
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- Jaishankar Has Been India’s Minister of External Affairs Since May 2019. He is a Member of the Rajya Sabha Representing Gujarat. He Was India’s Foreign Secretary from 2015 to 2018.