Today Current Affairs In Hindi
News of the Day – 22 July 2019
- July 22, 2019
- Posted by: Shivam
- Category: NEWS Worth To Read
News of the Day
Karnataka govt on the line, to face trust vote as House reconvenes today
Karnataka’s beleaguered coalition government held emergency meetings to corral legislators and made a last-ditch attempt to win back rebel lawmakers as it prepared to face a trust vote on Monday after missing two previous deadlines set by the governor last week.
Two independent MLAs, who withdrew their support to the Congress-Janata Dal (Secular) government earlier this month, moved the Supreme Court late on Sunday and asked the top court to order that a floor test be held by 5pm on Monday.
The floor test was originally scheduled for Thursday but didn’t happen despite two deadlines set by governor VajubhaiVala on Friday. The government plunged into crisis after 16 lawmakers – 13 from the Congress and three from the JD(S) — resigned roughly two weeks ago. Since then, one Congress MLA has signalled he would return to the party fold.
Speculation was also growing over which way BahujanSamaj Party (BSP) lawmaker N Mahesh will vote. The Kollegal MLA said on Sunday he was asked by party chief Mayawati to not back the coalition but hours later, Mayawati tweeted to say she had instructed Mahesh to vote for the coalition government. JD(S) and BSP had fought the 2018 Karnataka assembly election in an alliance.
In the 225-member assembly, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has 105 members, the Congress-JD(S) coalition has the support of 100 MLAs excluding the speaker KR Ramesh Kumar. There are 15 rebel MLAs, two independents and one MLA from the BSP, while another is a nominated member. If the resignation letters of the rebel MLAs are accepted by the speaker, the government would be in a minority.
“Instead of wasting time they [coalition] should face (the trust vote). By taking crucial decisions inspite of not having a majority, they are harming the democratic traditions… tomorrow will be the last day of the government,” said state BJP chief BS Yeddyurappa.
Chief minister Kumaraswamy hit back at the BJP and claimed that the saffron party had set a new benchmark for “immoral politics”. “I want to make it amply clear that I am not trying to cling onto power. My only intention of seeking time for debate on trust vote is to let the entire country know how the BJP, which talks of morality, is trying to subvert the very principles of democracy as well as Constitution,” he said in a statement.
He again appealed to the rebel MLAs to come back and said, “…let us sit together and discuss all the issues including your problems, if any, and arrive at a solution to save this democratically elected government…” But the 15 lawmakers, who are camping in a Mumbai hotel, said that they had neither changed their decision to resign nor return to Bengaluru for the trust vote. In a video, they claimed there was no difference among them nor were they under any kind of duress.
The lone Lok Sabha MP from the JD(S) and grandson of party patriarch HD Deve Gowda, PrajwalRevanna, met his party MLAs who are currently housed at a resort. He expressed confidence that the coalition government would prevail in the trust vote and end the current political uncertainty in the state.
The Congress also held its legislature party meeting where senior leaders Siddaramaiah, state unit president Dinesh Gundu Rao, state working president EshwarKhandre, MallikarjunKharge, HK Patil and RV Deshpande participated. Congress leaders emphasised that the priority should be to save the coalition government at all costs and prevent the BJP from capturing one more state.
The prolonged trust vote process began on Thursday but the day’s proceedings were dominated by the chief minister speaking in the debate that usually precedes a floor test. This prompted the BJP lawmakers to approach the governor, who set a deadline of 1.30pm Friday to complete the exercise. Saffron party legislators also spent the night in the assembly as a mark of protest.
But on Friday, Kumar said he was not bound by the governor’s deadline and let the debate continue. Vala set a second deadline, of 6pm Friday, but that too was breached, before Kumar adjourned proceedings.
Monday may also see the apex court take up the petition of the two independent legislators, H Nagesh and R Shankar, in which they allege the basic structure of the Constitution is being violated “with impunity” in Karnataka. “A minority government, which does not have the confidence of the majority, is being allowed to continue in office by delaying tactics,” the petition read.
A petition by Kumaraswamy arguing the governor could not dictate how the House will debate the trust vote motion may also be mentioned before the Supreme Court on Monday.
Senior political analyst Mahadev Prakash said the coalition government could not postpone the trust vote any further. “They have already ignored the directives of the governor twice to complete the trust vote. For whatever reason, if they try and postpone it further, the governor and Centre might act on them,” he added.
How Chandrayaan-2 will keep its date with Moon
The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft will spend six additional days in Earth’s orbit and 15 fewer days around the Moon before it lands on the day that was originally planned, Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) scientists have said, giving details of how the mission will stick to its timelines despite a week’s delay.
The 20-hour countdown for the lift-off at 2.43pm on Monday began on Sunday evening, six days after the July 15 attempt had to be aborted with just 56 minutes and 24 seconds left on the clock. The delay was forced by a leak in the engine of the GSLV-MkIII rocket that is to carry the Chandrayaan-2 into space.
“The lander-rover was designed to carry out experiments during one lunar day — or 14 Earth days. To ensure that the scientific experiments can be carried out for the entire duration, it was essential that the lander-rover descend to the Moon on the same day,” said an Isro official, asking not to be named.
In order to catch up, the scientists have made tweaks that are necessary to keep in place a careful choreography of movements crucial to ensure the spacecraft does not overshoot the Moon, crash into surface or land at a spot not designated for the mission.
“These are minor adjustments to the orbit and will not affect the mission in any way. During the initial planning of the mission, some redundancies had been introduced to ensure that the mission could be completed even if there were any glitches,” the official said.
The adjustments involve keeping the spacecraft in Earth’s orbit for six more days than planned. At this stage, the Chandrayaan-2 will use the Earth’s gravity to slowly gather speed before it slingshots its way to the moon.
The journey to the Moon will take place over seven days, two days more than previous plan.
The biggest change will be in the time the Chandrayaan-2 spends in the lunar orbit. To gain the lost time due to the delayed launch and the additional days around Earth and in the journey in between, the time spent in the lunar orbit will be reduced from 28 days to 13 days, the official quoted above added.
On Day 48 after the launch, the lander (containing scientific gauges and a robotic rover that will roll out onto the surface) will detach and begin a five-day descent that will involve “fine” and “rough” braking manoeuvres involving thrusters.
The lander will attempt a soft landing near the south pole between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, and study the shadowy regions within. The spot holds significance because the first Chandrayaan mission, in 2008, dropped an impactor near the Sackleton Crate on the south pole and found conclusive proof of water in the lunar soil, rocks and atmosphere.
That point was named the Jawahar point since the landing took place on the birth anniversary of India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Chandrayaan-2 will make India the fourth country after the United States of America, the erstwhile Soviet Union and China to land on the lunar surface.
This will also be the first space mission to rove on the south pole of the moon looking for water, ice and cold traps that could preserve the history of our solar system.
At least 7,500 people will witness the launch of the mission from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
“The registrations for the viewing gallery opened on Friday evening and within a couple of hours, the registrations had to be closed. Isro had decided to give preference to those who had come to Sriharikota on July 15 and could not witness the launch. About 80% of the registrations are of those who had come here previously,” said the Isro official quoted above.
Isro opened the viewing gallery in April as part of its outreach initiatives.
Source – Hindustan Times