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NEWS OF THE DAY : 2 Aug 2019
- August 2, 2019
- Posted by: Shivam
- Category: NEWS Worth To Read
NEWS OF THE DAY : 2 Aug 2019
President Ram Nath Kovind gives assent to triple talaq Bill
President Ram Nath Kovind has given his assent to the Triple Talaq Bill that makes giving instant oral triple talaq or talalq-e-biddat a criminal offense with provisions of jail term up to three years.
The triple talaq law or the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights On Marriage) Act, 2019, has come into effect retrospectively from September 19, 2018.
On Wednesday, the Ministry of Law and Justice notified the Bill as law in the official Gazette after receiving assent from President Kovind who is on a tour of West Africa.
On Tuesday, the Bill cleared the Rajya Sabha hurdle when the government managed 99 votes in favour against 84 Opposition votes.
The Opposition parties argued that the proposed law could be misused to harass Muslims and wanted it reviewed by a parliamentary panel.
The law now gives a police officer the power to arrest the offender without requiring a warrant, alleged the Opposition.
To check misuse, the government argued, the police takes cognisance only if the complaint is filed by the aggrieved woman or any of her relation by blood or marriage. The Bill also provides for bail by a magistrate but only after hearing the aggrieved woman.
The aggrieved woman is entitled to demand a maintenance for her and her dependent children under the Act.
Saudi Arabia lifts travel restrictions on women, grants them greater control
A series of royal decrees stipulate that a Saudi passport should be issued to any citizen who applies for it and that any person above the age of 21 does not need permission to travel.
Saudi Arabia has allowed adult women to travel without permission and granted them more control over family matters, further eroding a heavily criticised male guardianship system at a time of heightened scrutiny over its human rights record.
A series of royal decrees published by the official gazette on Friday stipulated that a Saudi passport should be issued to any citizen who applies for it and that any person above the age of 21 does not need permission to travel.
The amendments to regulations also grant women, for the first time, the right to register child birth, marriage or divorce and to be issued official family documents and be eligible as a guardian to children who are minors.
Riyadh has long endured international censure over the status of women, who rights groups say are often treated as second-class citizens under rules requiring them to get the consent of a male guardian for important decisions throughout their entire lives, regardless of age.
Muna Abu Sulayman, a prominent Saudi influencer and a former talk show host, took to Twitter along with thousands of Saudi women to celebrate what many described as a new era.
“A generation growing up completely free and equal to their brothers,” she said, referring to the freedom to travel.
The kingdom’s de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has eased social restrictions, such as lifting a driving ban for women last year, as part of a push to open up the conservative Muslim kingdom and transform the economy.
Last year’s murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the hands of Saudi agents caused a global outcry, however, and the Gulf Arab state has been widely criticised for the arrest and alleged torture of nearly a dozen women activists.
Several high-profile cases of young women seeking asylum abroad on claims of gender-based repression have added further pressure on Riyadh over the male guardian system.
Guardianship’s status between law and custom makes it a thorny issue for Prince Mohammed, who indicated last year he favoured ending the system but stopped short of endorsing its annulment.
Other parts of the system remain intact. Women still need permission from a male relative to marry or live on their own.
A hashtag calling for marriage without a guardian’s consent was among the top trending along with a hashtag thanking the crown prince and another touting the new travel rules.
The decrees published Friday also covered employment regulations that would expand work opportunities for women, who represent a big portion of unemployed Saudis. They stipulated that all citizens have the right to work without facing any discrimination based on gender, disability or age.
Prince Mohammed unveiled an ambitious plan in 2016 to transform the economy by 2030, which envisages increasing women’s participation in the workforce to 30% from 22%.
Saudi Arabia ranked 141 of 149 countries in the 2018 Global Gender Gap, a World Economic Forum study on how women fare in economic and political participation, health and education.
Many Saudi officials say the fault lies in implementation and not government policy.
Without a codified system of law to go with the texts making up sharia, or Islamic law, the Saudi police and judiciary have long cited social customs in enforcing prohibitions on women. Many aspects of guardianship stem from informal practice.
“Mohammed bin Salman has dedicated himself to fixing what extremists broke… This is not about openness as some call it, it is about equal rights for all,” a user called Wael tweeted.
The prince has pushed back against the religious establishment, including by arresting scores of clerics and dissidents.
Many citizens remain wary of the fast pace of change.
“We are a Muslim community not a Western one, may God keep our daughters safe from all evils,” said Sarah, a Saudi woman in her late 40s who declined to give her surname.
“Imagine if your girls grow up and leave you and don’t return, would you be happy?” she told Reuters.
SOURCE – THE HINDU