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News Of The Day : It commemorates a Jain ascetic
- December 10, 2018
- Posted by: Shivam
- Category: NEWS Worth To Read
It commemorates a Jain ascetic
A Nishidhi stone inscription from the 12th century was found at Nandi Basaveshwara temple in Harakere village in Shivamogga taluk recently.
R. Shejeshwara, Assistant Director, Department of Archeology, Heritage and Museums, and Jagadeesh, historian, discovered the inscription during a field work undertaken in Harakere. The inscription is of 60 cm long and 15 cm wide and is chiselled from a schist rock slab.
Mr. Shejeshwara said the Nishidhi stone inscriptions are issued to commemorate Jain ascetics who perform Sallekhana vratha. According to the text of the inscription, a discipline of Nemideva, a Jain seer of Moolasangha took Sallekhana vratha here. The image of Nemideva preaching a couple on Sallekhana vratha has been carved on the inscription. The seer carried pinchi, a bunch of peacock feathers and kamandala. The umbrella, popularly known as mukkode, and the images of the sun and moon are intricately carved here.
He said that eight lines are engraved here in archaic Kannada. Based on the language used here, the historians have come to the conclusion that the inscription was issued in 12th century. The inscription found here proves that there was a strong influence of Jainism in the region. The Jain sculptures and inscriptions were also found in the past in Yalavatti, Purale and Hasudi villages in the vicinity.
The spacecraft entered the orbit and will stay on course for six-and-a-half months
A Soyuz rocket carrying Russian, American and Canadian astronauts took off from Kazakhstan and reached orbit on Monday, in the first manned mission since a failed launch in October.
Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, Anne McClain of NASA and David Saint-Jacques of the Canadian Space Agency blasted off for a six-and-a-half month mission on the International Space Station at 1131 GMT.
A few minutes after their rocket lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Russian space agency Roscomos announced that the capsule was “successfully launched into orbit”.
NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine confirmed on Twitter that the crew were “safely in orbit” and thanked the U.S. and Russian teams “for their dedication to making this launch a success”.
It was the first manned launch for the Soviet-era Soyuz since October 11, when a rocket carrying Russia’s Aleksey Ovchinin and U.S. astronaut Nick Hague failed just minutes after blast-off, forcing the pair to make an emergency landing.
They escaped unharmed but the failed launch — the first such incident in Russia’s post-Soviet history — raised concerns about the state of the Soyuz programme.
The Soyuz is the only means of reaching the ISS since the U.S. retired the space shuttle in 2011.
Mr. Kononenko, Ms. McClain and Mr. Saint-Jacques showed no signs of worry as they boarded a bus to take them to the launch. They smiled and waved, with Saint-Jacques blowing kisses and giving the thumbs-up to a crowd of well-wishers.
At a press conference on the eve of the launch, crew commander Kononenko said the crew was prepared and that “risk is part of our profession.”
“We are psychologically and technically prepared for blast-off and any situation which, God forbid, may occur on board.”
Ms. McClain, a 39-year-old former military pilot, said the crew looked forward to going up. “We feel very ready for it,” she said.
Mr. Saint-Jacques, 48, described the Soyuz spacecraft as “incredibly safe”.
The accident highlighted the “smart design of the Soyuz and the incredible work that the search and rescue people here on the ground are ready to do every launch,” he said.
In a successful rehearsal for Monday’s flight, a Soyuz cargo vessel took off on November 16 from Baikonur and delivered several tonnes of food, fuel and supplies to the ISS.
Russia said last month the October launch had failed because of a sensor that was damaged during assembly at the Baikonur cosmodrome but insisted the spacecraft remained reliable.
Ahead of Monday’s launch a Russian Orthodox priest blessed the spaceship on its launchpad, in accordance with tradition.
Of the trio set to reach the ISS six hours after blast-off, both Saint-Jacques and McClain are flying for the first time.
Mr. Kononenko is beginning his fourth mission to add to an impressive 533 days in space.
The veteran said the crew would conduct a spacewalk on December 11 as part of an investigation into a mysterious hole that has caused an air leak on the ISS.
Mr. Saint-Jacques will be the first Canadian astronaut to visit the space station since Chris Hadfield, who recorded a version of David Bowie’s “Space Oddity” on board in 2013.
Mr. Saint-Jacques joked that he had received so much training ahead of the flight “that I felt at the end that I could build a Soyuz in my backyard.”
Ms. McClain served in Iraq and has represented the United States in women’s rugby.
She has said that training to spacewalk resembled the sport since it demands “grit, toughness, mental focus, and more”.
Russia-US cooperation in space has remained one of the few areas not affected by a crisis in ties between the former Cold War enemies.
But comments by the combative chief of the Russian space agency, Dmitry Rogozin, have increasingly raised eyebrows.
He recently joked Russia would send a mission to the Moon to “verify” whether or not NASA lunar landings ever took place.
In recent years Russia’s debt-laden space industry has suffered a number of mishaps including the loss of cargo spacecraft and satellites.
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