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Daily Current Affairs – 18 Dec 2020 : GKToday Updates
1. India and Bangladesh sign 7 MoUs, agreements in the virtual summit
- India and Bangladesh signed seven MoUs and agreements during the virtual summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
- The agreements include a framework of understanding in Hydrocarbon sector, High Impact Community Development Project (HICDP), transborder elephant conservation, MoU on the supply of equipment and improvement of Garbage and solid waste disposal and agriculture.
- Further, 55 years old Chilahati-Haldibari rail link between the two nations was reopened which was cut off during the India and Pakistan war in 1965.
2. India’s Economic Diplomacy website launched
- The External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar launched the Ministry’s Economic Diplomacy website.
- The website aims to showcase India’s economic strengths as well as sectoral and state-wise strengths.
- It aims to provide critical and relevant information on major economic indicators, central and state government policy updates as well as the latest business news and trade data.
- Jaishankar said that the website will serve as a two-way funnel connecting our national and state businesses globally to enhance exports, explore employment opportunities and at the same time attracting foreign industry and business to India.
3. India ranks 131 in UN’s Human Development Index 2020
- India slipped two spots to rank 131 among 189 countries in the 2020 human development index, a report released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
- Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living.
- India’s HDI value is 0.645 placing the country in the medium human development category.
- Norway topped the index, followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong and Iceland.
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The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and achieve international cooperation.
Headquarters: New York, United States; Secretary General: António Guterres
4. India contributes USD 1 million to WADA to support clean sport
- India has decided to contribute USD 1 million to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to ensure an atmosphere of clean sport globally.
- The amount has been pledged towards the agency’s scientific research budget, which will allow the development of innovative anti-doping testing and detection methods.
- The money will be further used for strengthening the independent investigations and Intelligence department of WADA.
- The contribution made by India is the highest among the contribution made by the governments of Saudi Arabia, China, and Egypt.
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The World Anti-Doping Agency is a foundation initiated by the International Olympic Committee to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sports.
Headquarters: Montreal, Canada
5. UNEP announces 2020 Young Champions of the Earth
- The United Nations Environment Programme named seven young engineers, scientists, activists, and entrepreneurs from all over the world as its Young Champions of the Earth 2020.
- The list of the winners also includes Vidyut Mohan, a 29 years old entrepreneur from India and co-founder of ‘Takachar’, an enterprise that enables farmers in preventing the open burning of waste farm residues.
- The Young Champions of the Earth Prize by UNEP is awarded every year to 7 entrepreneurs who are under 30 and have bold ideas for sustainable environmental change.
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The United Nations Environment Programme is responsible for coordinating the UN’s environmental activities and assisting developing countries in having environmentally sound policies and practices.
Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya
6. Pakistani cricketer Mohammad Amir retires from International cricket
- Pakistani pacer Mohammad Amir confirmed his retirement from International cricket to the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB).
- The left-arm fast bowler has played 36 Tests, 61 ODIs, and 50 T20Is and taken 259 wickets across three formats of the game.
- Amir had played his first international match during the 2009 T20 World Cup, in which he played in every game and helped his team ultimately win the tournament.
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