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Daily Current Affairs – 30 June 2020 : Today Gk Updates
1. PM Modi to address the nation at 4 pm today
– Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be addressing the nation at 4 pm today.
– The PMO’s announcement came minutes before the Ministry of Home Affairs announced guidelines for Unlock 2.0, which will be in effect till July 31, 2020.
– The centre’s Unlock 2.0 is similar to Unlock 1.0 with certain more ease in restrictions in areas outside containment zones and lockdown continuing to be in effect in the containment zones except for essential services.
– The centre in a digital retaliation against China also banned 59 major Chinese apps on June 29, 2020 stating them to be a threat to India’s sovereignty and integrity and security of state and public. The banned apps include popular mobile apps such as Tik Tok, WeChat, Cam Scanner, Beauty Plus, Shareit and sites like Shein and Club Factory.
2. India bans 59 Chinese mobile apps including TikTok, Shareit, Cam Scanner
– India has banned 59 Chinese mobile apps that are prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, Defence of India, security of state and public order.
– The action has been taken to safeguard the interests of Indian mobile and internet users and to ensure safety and sovereignty of Indian cyberspace.
– The ban was imposed by the Ministry of Information Technology by invoking its power under section 69A of the Information Technology Act.
– The ban has been done as Union Ministry of Information Technology had received several complaints from various sources including reports regarding misuse of some mobile apps available on iOS and Android platforms to steal and transmit users’ data in an unauthorized manner to servers located outside India.
Here is the full list of banned Chinese apps:
Clash of Kings
DU battery saver
Mi Video Call – Xiaomi
ES File Explorer
Viva Video – QU Video Inc
New Video Status
Cache Cleaner DU App studio
Hago Play With New Friends
Clean Master – Cheetah Mobile
QQ Security Center
V fly Status Video
3. Unlock 2.0: what’s open, what is closed!
– The Union Home Ministry has announced new guidelines for Unlock 2.0 by opening up more activities outside the containment zones and extending lockdown in containment zones till July 31, 2020.
– The Union Home Secretary in exercise of the powers conferred under Section 10 (2) (1) of the Disaster Management Act 2005 hence directed that the guidelines for Unlock 2.0 will be in force till July 31st.
– Only essential activities will be allowed inside containment zones. There will be strict perimeter control and no movement of people will be allowed in or out of the zones except for maintaining essential supply of goods and services and medical emergencies.
– Domestic flights and passenger trains are already operational in a limited manner. Their operations will be expanded in a calibrated manner.
– The training institutions of the centre and state governments will be allowed to operate from July 15, 2020.
While the movement of people will be allowed for most part of the day, night curfew will continue to remain operational. Under night curfew, the movement of people will remain strictly prohibited between 10 pm and 5 am across the nation, except for essential activities.
– School/colleges/educational institutions, International Travel, Metro, Cinema halls, large gatherings still remain closed.
4. Health Ministry recommends the use of Dexamethasone drug for treatment of COVID-19
– The Union Health Ministry issued a fresh clinical management protocol on June 27 which recommends the use of Dexamethasone as an alternative to Methylprednisolone for the treatment of moderate to severe COVID-19 patients.
– The Oxford University on June 17 had announced that Dexamethasone reduced deaths by one third in ventilated patients and by one-fifth in other patients who have been receiving oxygen only.
– As per the medical experts, it is a corticosteroid drug that is used in a wide range of conditions for its immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatory effects.
– In a press statement, the University of Oxford informed that overall Dexamethasone reduced the 28- day mortality rate by 17 percent with a highly significant trend that shows the greatest benefit among those patients who require ventilation.
– It has also been shown to reduce mortality by about one-third for patients on ventilators and by one-fifth for the patients who are being maintained on oxygen therapy.
5. India and Bhutan sign concession agreement for joint venture hydroelectric project
– A Concession Agreement has been signed between India and Bhutan for a joint venture hydroelectric project that will pave the way for the commencement of its construction and other related works.
– The agreement was signed between Kholongchhu Hydro Energy Limited and Bhutanese Govt.
– As per the MEA, the project envisages an underground powerhouse of four 150 MW Turbines along with water impounded by a concrete gravity dam of 95 metres height.
– The joint venture project of two countries is expected to be completed in the second half of 2025. The 600 MW run-of-the-river project will be located on the lower course of the Kholongchhu river in the Trashiyangtse district in Easter Bhutan.
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Kholongchhu Hydro Energy Limited is a joint venture company formed between Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited of India (SJVNL) and Druk Green Power Corporation of Bhutan (DGPC).