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TODAY GK UPDATES & CURRENT AFFAIRS – 13th FEB 2020
1. State of the World’s Children Report 2019
- For the first time in 20 years, UNICEF’s flagship report examines the issue of children, food and nutrition, providing a fresh perspective on a rapidly evolving challenge.
- This 2019 edition of The State of the World’s Children (SOWC) examines the issue of children, food and nutrition, providing a fresh perspective on a rapidly evolving challenge.
- As per UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children Report 2019, the Under 5 Mortality Rate in India is 37 per 1,000 live births against Global average of 39 per 1,000 live births in 2018, which translates to more than 8 lakhs under 5 deaths in India.
- Globalization, urbanization, humanitarian crises and climate shocks are driving unprecedented negative changes in the nutrition situation of children around the world.
- The Government of India has launched POSHAN (Prime Minister Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment) Abhiyaan, to address malnutrition challenges in India. It has also launched several schemes under the aegis of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) to tackle malnutrition in the country including Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna (PMMVY) to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
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UNICEF: United Nations Children’s Fund – Founded: 11 December 1946;
Headquarters: New York, United States; Head: Henrietta H. Fore
2. National Women’s Day of India
- India celebrates Sarojini Naidu’s birthday as National Women’s Day of India every year on February 13.
- This year is Sarojini Naidu’s 141st Birth Anniversary. She was born on February 13, 1879.
- Sarojini Naidu was not only a freedom fighter, but she also became the first woman governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh.
- She was famous for her nickname ‘Nightingale of India’ because of her poems. Her first collection of poems was titled “Golden Threshold”. Her poems “Bird of Time” and “Broken Wing” made her a well-known poetess of her time.
- She was awarded Kaiser-i-Hind for her work during the plague epidemic in India by the British Government in 1928.
3. WHO renames Coronavirus as ‘COVID-19’
- Coronavirus has been officially renamed as ‘COVID-19’ by the World Health Organization where ‘Co’ stands for coronavirus, ‘VI’ stands for the virus, ‘D’ stands for disease and numerical ‘19’ stands for the year it was detected.
- The deadly coronavirus has taken the lives of more than 1200 people in China, crossing the number of deaths caused during the SARs outbreak.
- The virus which originated in the Wuhan food market has spread across the world with maximum damage in China, followed by Japan.
- Coronavirus officially refers to a group of RNA viruses that cause different diseases in humans and animals.
- As per the latest figures revealed by the World Health Organisation, there are about 42,708 confirmed COVID-19 cases in China. And outside China, around 393 confirmed cases have been reported across 24 countries with one death.
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WHO – Founded: 7 April 1948; Head: Tedros Adhanom; Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
4. India out of US’ developing nations list for Trade Benefits
- Ahead of President Donald Trump’s visit on February 24-25, the US has removed India from its list of developing countries that have been exempted from investigations into whether they harm American industry with unfairly subsidised exports.
- The move has cast a shadow on India being able to restore preferential benefits under the Generalised System of Preference (GSP) as part of its trade talks with the US, as only developing countries are eligible for it.
- The United States Trade Representative (USTR) eliminated a host of countries including Brazil, Indonesia, Hong Kong, South Africa and Argentina.
- The US removed India from the list on account of it being a G-20 member and having a share of 0.5% or more of world trade. India’s share in global exports was 1.67% in 2018. In global imports, it was 2.57%.
- The US had in January last year proposed withdrawal of special rights and exemptions for emerging economies such as India and China, which are members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), G20, classified as “high income” by the World Bank or account for more than 0.5% of global merchandise trade.
5. Financial Inclusion Outreach Campaign launched
- Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, GC Murmu launched a “financial inclusion outreach campaign” that aims to extend financial services to all areas that are un-banked.
- The financial inclusion outreach campaign will lay special focus on opening on bank accounts for adults under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Promotion of RuPay Cards which allows more people, especially those belonging to the lower-income group to get access to key financial services.
- While launching the campaign, Murmu stated that promoting financial inclusion means taking action to expand peoples’ access to the financial and banking services.
- Financial inclusion also leads to overall economic growth, reduces income inequality and poverty by providing people with credit and saving facilities.
6. Storm Ciara hits in Europe
- Storm Ciara lashed Europe with hurricane-force winds and heavy killing at least seven people and causing severe travel disruptions as it moved eastwards after first sweeping across Ireland and the UK.
- Transport shut down and schools were forced to close across Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
- France’s Mediterranean island of Corsica recorded winds of more than 220km/hour, as heavy rains, powerful winds and flooding spread across the continent.
- Wind speeds of up to 200 km per hour were also recorded in northern Italy, Poland and Sweden.
- About 120 flights were cancelled in Amsterdam and the national football association called off all of its games on Sunday.
7. 2019 FIH Women’s Rising Star of Year
- India’s star striker Lalremsiami on Monday became the first women’s hockey player from the country to win the FIH Rising Star of the Year by the International Hockey Federation.
- 19-year-old Lalremsiami took the prize ahead of Argentina’s Julieta Jankunas and Frederique Matla of the Netherlands.
- The player from Mizoram got 40 per cent of all the votes cast.
- Lalremsiami first came into the wider hockey consciousness at the Hockey Women’s World Cup in 2018 when she was one of the stand-out players of the tournament.
- Indian Captain Rani Rampal is the only other Indian player to be nominated ever for the award. She was in the race in 2010, 2013 and 2014.
8. World Radio Day 2020
- World Radio Day is celebrated all over the world on February 13 every year to highlight the unique power of radio which connects lives and brings people together from across the globe.
- UNESCO has started celebrating World Radio Day to highlight this importance of radio on February 13, 2012. United Nations accepted that radio plays an important role in any emergency or disaster.
- This year World Radio Day’s theme is “Radio and Diversity” as Radio is the most accessible media in the world.
- Radio was first introduced to India by Madras Presidency Club in 1924.
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