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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 20th JANUARY
1. India successfully test-fires nuclear-capable K-4 ballistic missile
- India on Sunday successfully test-fired the 3,500 km strike range nuclear-capable K-4 submarine-launched ballistic missile off the coast of Andhra Pradesh.
- K-4 is one of the two underwater missiles that are being developed by India for its submarine force. It is the most potent missile in India’s inventory that can be fired from a submarine, giving the country unprecedented second-strike capability and a huge deterrence power.
- The missile is being developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for being deployed on the fleet of the Arihant Class nuclear submarines being built by India.
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The K-series missiles are named after former president APJ Abdul Kalam. They are much faster than Agni missiles. The other K-series missiles are K-15, K-5 and K-6. The K-5 and K-6 are under development by DRDO.
India has not signed the Nuclear-Test-Ban treaty and Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
2. National Immunization Day 2020
- National Immunization Day (NID) 2020 was observed on January 19 all over India as a part of Pulse Polio Immunization Programme, 2020.
- Around 17.4 crore children of age less than 5 hears were administered polio drops to sustain polio eradication in India.
- There are two types of vaccines that are being administered in the country. It includes IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine) and OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine). IPV is more effective than OPV. It increases intestinal immunity in children who have been already immunized with OPV.
- The next round of National Immunization Day is to be held in March 10.
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The Pulse Polio was started with the global initiative of eradication of polio in 1988 following World Health Assembly resolution in 1988, Pulse Polio Immunization programme was launched in India in 1995.
Vellore, (Tamil Nadu) became the first Indian town to become 100% polio-free through the pulse strategy, and the rest of India adopted the strategy in 1995.
On March 27, 2014, India was declared as polio-free along with countries of South-East Asian Region of WHO.
3. Arjun Munda becomes President of AAI
- Union minister Arjun Munda was on Saturday elected as president of the suspended Archery Association of India (AAI) in its much-delayed elections.
- Enjoying the support of former AAI President Vijay Kumar Malhotra, Munda had a smooth sailing as he beat his rival BVP Rao by a margin of 34-18 votes.
- A total of 31 state associations were part of the AAI but only 26 states — each having a share of two votes – casted their votes.
- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Jammu and Kashmir were not part of the Electoral College.
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Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: 8 Aug 1973
The Archery Association of India was suspended with effect from Aug 12 by World Archery for defying its guidelines by appointing two parallel bodies.
4. Centre appoints Nripendra Misra as chairman of NMML executive council
- Former principal secretary to the Prime Minister, Nripendra Misra, has been appointed chairperson of the executive council of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML).
- According to a government order, the Executive Council of the NMML has been reconstituted and it will be now chaired by Mr Misra.
- The Nehru Memorial Museum & Library is a museum and library in New Delhi, which aims to preserve and reconstruct the history of the Indian independence movement.
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Location: Teen Murti Bhavan, New Delhi
It is an autonomous institution under the Indian Ministry of Culture.
5. 9th International Children’s Film Festival begins in Kolkata
- The 9th International Children’s Film Festival begins in Kolkata with the screening of Aizaz Khan directed film Hamid.
- This year the films have been categorised into two divisions. The first category will screen films for all age groups and the second category will have films for children of 14 years and higher age group.
- About 250 films from 45 countries will be screened in the week-long festival.
- The National Award winner Children actor, Talha Arsad Rishi will inaugurate the festival.
- German film “Alfons Jitterbit- Countdown to Chaos” by Mark Schlichter will have its Asian premier at the festival
- Besides the screening of films, an exhibition on the children’s film festival will also be organised.
Governor of West Bengal: Jagdeep Dhankhar
CM of West Bengal: Mamta Banerjee; Capital: Kolkata
6. World’s shortest man Khagendra Thapa Magar dies
- The world’s shortest man who could walk, as verified by Guinness World Records, died in Nepal.
- Khagendra Thapa Magar, who measured 67.08cm (two feet and 2.41 inches), died of pneumonia.
- Magar was first declared the world’s shortest man in 2010 after his 18th birthday.
- Magar became an official face of Nepal’s tourism campaign, which featured him as the smallest man in a country that is home to the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest.
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Guinness World Records is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Nepal President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nepal Prime Minister: KP Sharma Oli, Nepal capital: Kathmandu