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NEWS OF THE DAY – 6 August 2019 J&K loses its special status, divided into two UTs
- August 6, 2019
- Posted by: Shivam
- Category: NEWS Worth To Read
NEWS OF THE DAY J&K loses its special status, divided into two UTs
Ladakh will not have a legislature while Jammu & Kashmir will have one
Ending Jammu & Kashmir’s special status in the Indian Union, the BJP government extended all provisions of the Constitution to the State in one go, downsized the State into two Union Territories and allowed all citizens to buy property and vote in the State.
Leading the charge, Home Minister Amit Shah piloted two special resolutions and a Bill creating the Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh through the Rajya Sabha on Monday. While the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislature, the one in Ladakh will not.
The first resolution informed the House that the President had used his powers under Article 370 to fundamentally alter the provision, extending all Central laws, instruments and treaties to Kashmir. However, the drastically altered Article 370 will remain on the statute books.
The government’s surgical strike on the State’s autonomy came as telephone and Internet services in the Valley were suspended, former Chief Ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti remained under arrest and thousands of additional Central security personnel were deployed in the area.
Mr. Shah said that if the Union Territory model worked well, the government would also consider giving Jammu and Kashmir the status of a State again and “no constitutional amendment would be required.” Prime Minister Narendra Modi was present during the proceedings.
Mr. Shah said the Resolution for Repeal of Article 370 of the Constitution of India “would pass every legal scrutiny” and he was aware that an “NGO brigade” supported by some parties would challenge it.
Slamming the Congress, Mr. Shah said, “It was your policy that has killed so many people, more than 41,000, since 1988. Why aren’t youth in Rajasthan, Gujarat or Odisha misguided? Because there is no Article 370 in these States.”
Dismissing concerns that there would be “bloodshed” in the Valley, Mr. Shah said this was a “new experiment” and everyone should support it. “Terrorism cannot end in the State till Article 370 or 35A continue. They are an obstacle to development. We want to embrace the Kashmiri youth. The move will bring development, tourism and industries to the State. These opportunities till now were controlled by only three families,” he said.
Governor Satya Pal Malik on Monday night reviewed the security situation with top officials in Jammu and emphasised the need for constant vigil to deal with any eventuality. The Army’s Northern Command chief Lt. Gen. Ranbir Singh met the Governor and briefed him about the security situation.
Reacting to the developments, U.S. State Department spokesperson Morgan Ortagus said, “We call on all parties to maintain peace and stability along the LoC.”
The provisions of Article 370 will cease to exist from the date the President of India issues a notification after the Lok Sabha passes the resolution on Tuesday.
He termed Article 370 discriminatory on the basis of gender, class, caste and place of origin, adding it was “temporary in the first place and it has to go in the larger interest of the people of the State.” He said that from 2004 to 2019, the Centre sent over Rs 2,77,000 crore to the State, but it did not percolate to the masses.
“In 2011-12, Centre spent Rs 3683 per person in rest of India and Rs 14,255 per person in J&K. In 2017-18 Centre spent Rs. 8,227 per person in rest of India whereas in J&K it spent Rs 27,258 per person. Even then there was no development in the State because of corruption. 370 stopped anti corruption bodies to function in the State. A monopoly was there,” Mr. Shah said.
Congress leader and Leader of the Opposition Ghulam Nabi Azad described the move as murder of the Constitution and the democracy by the BJP-led government, stating that the accession of J&K to India had happened through Article 370. He said in the past 70 years, lakhs of people, many leaders and workers of the mainstream parties had made sacrifices, thousands of police and security personnel lost their lives in the State.
Responding to Mr. Azad, Mr. Shah said the State was assimilated into India through the Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh on October 27, 1947, and Article 370 came later. He said the Congress government had also amended Article 370 through the same process in 1952 and 1962.
Japan urged to sign UN nuke ban on Hiroshima anniversary
The mayor of Hiroshima urged Japan to sign a landmark UN treaty banning nuclear weapons as the city, on August 6, marked 74 years since being targeted in the world’s first atomic attack.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe led commemorations at the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima as residents offered silent prayers, lit candles and placed wreathes to remember those killed in the August 6, 1945 bombing.
And mayor Kazumi Matsui used the occasion to push the Abe administration to sign the UN treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons (TPNW), approved by more than 120 nations, but rejected by the U.S. and other nuclear armed countries.
“I call on the government of the only country to experience a nuclear weapon in war to accede to the hibakusha’s (atomic bomb victims) request that the TPNW be signed and ratified,” said Mr.Matsui.
“I urge Japan’s leaders to manifest the pacifism of the Japanese constitution by displaying leadership in taking the next step towards a world free from nuclear weapons.”
The mayor urged world leaders to come to the city to see the memorial for themselves, amid expectations that Pope Francis will visit later in 2019.
The ongoing threat from atomic weapons in the region was demonstrated as nuclear-armed North Korea fired off two “unidentified projectiles” off its eastern coast — the latest in a series of tests.
Meanwhile, the U.S. and Russia failed to renew a Cold War-era nuclear pact last week, triggering renewed fears of an arms race.
Japan remains the only country to have experienced atomic attack — against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, days ahead of the country’s surrender on August 15, 1945 to end World War II.
For his part, Mr. Abe reiterated a pledge to serve as a “bridge” between nations with and without nuclear weapons to rid the world of them.
“With help from both sides, I will patiently encourage them to engage in dialogue and I am resolved to lead international efforts towards this end,” he said.
SOURCE – THE HINDU